A Beginner's Guide to Carrom Board Rules India PDF 31: Everything You Need to Know
# Carrom Board Rules India PDF 31: A Complete Guide for Beginners ## Introduction - What is carrom and why is it popular in India? - How to play carrom in simple terms? - What are the benefits of playing carrom? ## Standard Equipment - What are the components of a carrom board and how to measure them? - What are the specifications of carrommen and striker? - What are the accessories needed for playing carrom, such as stand, stool, powder, nets and light? ## Laws of Carrom - What are the basic rules of carrom according to the International Carrom Federation? - How to set up the board and arrange the carrommen for a game? - How to strike, pocket and score in carrom? - What are the fouls and penalties in carrom? - How to decide the winner of a game or a match? ## Tips and Tricks - How to improve your skills and techniques in carrom? - What are some common strategies and tactics used by expert players? - How to practice carrom at home or with friends? ## Conclusion - Summarize the main points of the article and encourage readers to try carrom - Provide a link to download a PDF file of the carrom board rules in India - Invite readers to share their feedback and questions ## FAQs - List five frequently asked questions about carrom and provide brief answers Now, based on this outline, here is the article I have written: # Carrom Board Rules India PDF 31: A Complete Guide for Beginners Carrom is a popular tabletop game played indoors. In India, the carrom game is frequently played in a group, usually at social events with family or friends. Carrom is also known as karrom, karom, carom or carrum in different regions of the world. It is believed that carrom originated in India or South Asia centuries ago, and later spread to other countries through trade and migration. Carrom is a game of skill and strategy that involves hitting wooden discs, called carrommen, with a striker on a smooth wooden board with four pockets. The objective of the game is to pocket your own carrommen and the red queen before your opponent does. Carrom can be played by two or four players, either individually or in teams. Playing carrom has many benefits for your physical and mental health. It improves your hand-eye coordination, concentration, memory, decision-making and problem-solving skills. It also reduces stress, enhances mood, fosters social interaction and promotes friendly competition. If you are interested in learning how to play carrom or improving your game, this article will provide you with a complete guide on the carrom board rules in India. You will learn about the standard equipment, laws of carrom, tips and tricks, and more. You will also find a link to download a PDF file of the carrom board rules in India at the end of this article. ## Standard Equipment The first thing you need to play carrom is a good quality carrom board. A carrom board is a square wooden board with a smooth playing surface and four wooden frames with curved corners. The playing surface should be made of plywood or any other wood that is equally smooth and not less than 8 mm in thickness. The size of the playing surface should be between 73.50 cm and 74 cm square. The frames should be made of rosewood or any other hard wood with good resistance. The height of the frames should be between 1.90 cm and 2.54 cm from the playing surface. The breadth of the frames should be between 6.35 cm and 7.60 cm. The four corners of the carrom board have round pockets that are inwardly curved. The diameter of each pocket should be 4.45 cm with an admissible variation of not more than 0.15 cm. The playing surface has several markings that define the playing area and guide the players. These markings include: - Two straight lines of 47 cm each on each side of the board, parallel to the frame. These lines are called base lines and are used by the players to place their strikers and strike their carrommen. - Two circles of 3.18 cm each at both ends of each base line. These circles are called base circles and are used to position the striker within them before striking. - A portion of 2.54 cm in diameter within each base circle, colored in red. This portion is called the red circle and is used to indicate the player's turn. - Four arrows of not more than 0.15 cm thickness at each corner of the board, at an angle of 45 degrees to any of the adjacent sides. These arrows point towards the center of the pocket and are used to measure the distance between the carrommen and the pocket. - A circle of 3.18 cm in diameter exactly in the center of the board, drawn in black. This circle is called the center circle and is used to arrange the carrommen for a board. The carrommen used in play are wooden discs that are circular in shape. There are nine white, nine black and one red carrommen. The diameter of each carromman should be between 3.02 cm and 3.18 cm. The thickness of each carromman should be between 0.70 cm and 0.90 cm. The edge of each carromman should be round and plain. The weight of each carromman should be between 5.25 grams and 5.50 grams. The red carromman is called the queen and has a special value in the game. The queen can be pocketed by any player at any time during a board, but it has to be covered by pocketing one of your own carrommen in the same or subsequent strike. The striker is a smooth and round disc that is used to hit the carrommen on the board. The striker should be made of any material other than ivory and metal, with a diameter of not more than 4.13 cm and a weight of not more than 15 grams. The striker can have engraved designs on it, but it should not have any metal fixed or visible to the eyes. The accessories needed for playing carrom include a stand or table, a stool or chair, powder, nets and light. The stand or table is used to place the carrom board on it for play. The stand or table should not be less than 63 cm and not more than 70 cm in height. The carrom board should be level and firm on the stand or table, without any unevenness or shakiness. The stool or chair is used by the player to sit for playing. The stool or chair should not be less than 40 cm and not more than 50 cm in height. The chair, if used, should be armless. The powder is used to keep the playing surface smooth and dry, and to facilitate the movement of the striker and carrommen on the board. The powder should be of high quality and not wet. Pouches or containers filled with powder should be used to spread the powder evenly over the playing surface. The nets are used to cover the pockets from beneath, so that the pocketed carrommen do not fall off the board. Each net should have the capacity of holding at least 10 carrommen. The light is used to illuminate the carrom board during play. The light should be hung or fitted at a convenient height above the carrom board, so that it falls only on the playing surface including the frame. The light should have a conical or square shade, preferably of metal, with the inner side completely snow-white in color. The bulb used, preferably transparent white, should be between 60 and 100 watts. ## Laws of Carrom The laws of carrom are the basic rules that govern how to play carrom according to the International Carrom Federation (ICF). The ICF is the governing body of carrom that organizes international tournaments and championships, and sets the standards for equipment, players, umpires and referees. The laws of carrom cover various aspects of the game, such as how to set up the board, how to strike, how to pocket and score, how to decide fouls and penalties, how to decide the winner, etc. Here are some of the main laws of carrom that you need to know as a beginner: - Carrom can be played by two or four players, either individually or in teams. - Before starting a game or a match, a toss shall be conducted by an umpire or by mutual consent among players to decide who will play first. - The player who wins the toss shall have the choice of side or colour (white or black) of carrommen. - The player who chooses white shall always play first in every board. - The player who plays first shall position his/her striker within either of his/her two base circles before striking. - The player who plays second shall position his/her striker within either of his/her two base circles before striking. - The player who plays third shall position his/her striker within either of his/her two base circles before striking. - The player who plays fourth shall position his/her striker within either of his/her base circles before striking. - The striker should be struck with one finger, either the index finger or the thumb, and not pushed or flicked. The striker should touch both the lines of the player's base circle before striking. The striker should not cross the front line of the player's base circle while striking. - The player should strike only when his/her turn comes and when the carrommen are at rest on the board. The player should not touch any carromman or striker on the board with his/her hand or any part of his/her body while playing. - The player should pocket his/her own carrommen (white or black) and the queen in any pocket by hitting them with the striker. The player should cover the queen by pocketing one of his/her own carrommen in the same or subsequent strike. The player should not pocket the opponent's carrommen or the striker. - The player who pockets his/her own carrommen and the queen and covers it before his/her opponent does, wins the board. The player who wins the board scores points equal to the number of the opponent's carrommen left on the board plus three points for the queen, if covered by him/her. If the queen is not covered by either player, then no points are scored for it. - If a player commits a foul, he/she loses his/her turn and one of his/her pocketed carrommen is returned to the board by the opponent anywhere within the center circle. If a player has not pocketed any carromman, then he/she loses one point and his/her due is carried over to subsequent boards until paid off. - Some of the common fouls in carrom are: - Striking out of turn or before all carrommen come to rest - Touching or moving any carromman or striker on the board - Striking with any finger other than index finger or thumb - Striking without touching both lines of base circle - Striking with hand not resting on board - Striking so that striker crosses front line of base circle - Pocketing opponent's carrommen - Pocketing striker - Failing to break properly in first strike - Failing to cover queen after pocketing it - Playing with improper equipment - A game of carrom consists of eight boards or 25 points, whichever comes first. A match of carrom consists of best of three games. The player or team who wins two games first wins the match. - In case of a tie in points at the end of a game or a match, a tie-breaker board shall be played to decide the winner. In a tie-breaker board, only white, black and queen are arranged on the board and each player is allowed three strikes alternately. The player who scores more points in three strikes wins. ## Tips and Tricks Playing carrom requires not only knowledge of rules, but also skills and techniques that can help you win more games. Here are some tips and tricks that can improve your carrom game: - Practice regularly to develop your accuracy, speed, power and control over your strikes. You can practice alone by placing different carrommen on different positions on the board and trying to pocket them with different angles and force. - Learn how to break properly in your first strike. A good break can give you an advantage over your opponent by scattering the carrommen in favorable positions for you. You can try different methods of breaking, such as straight break, diagonal break, scissor break, etc., and see which one works best for you. - Learn how to use rebounds and deflections to your advantage. You can use the frames and other carrommen on the board to change the direction and speed of your striker or carrommen and pocket them in unexpected ways. You can also use rebounds and deflections to block your opponent's shots or create openings for yourself. - Learn how to control the queen. The queen is the most valuable carromman in the game, as it can give you three extra points if you cover it. You should try to pocket the queen as soon as possible, but only if you are confident that you can cover it in the same or next strike. You should also try to prevent your opponent from pocketing or covering the queen by blocking it with your own carrommen or striking it away from his/her reach. - Learn how to play defensively as well as offensively. Sometimes, it is better to play safe than to take risky shots that can backfire. You should know when to attack and when to defend, depending on the situation of the board and the score. You should also be aware of your opponent's strengths and weaknesses, and try to exploit them or counter them. - Learn from your mistakes and from other players. You can improve your carrom game by analyzing your own performance and identifying your errors and areas of improvement. You can also watch and learn from other players, especially expert or professional players, and observe their techniques, strategies and tactics. ## Conclusion Carrom is a fun and exciting game that can be enjoyed by anyone, regardless of age, gender or background. It is a game that combines skill, strategy and luck, and offers a lot of challenge and entertainment. If you want to play carrom or improve your game, you should follow the carrom board rules in India that we have explained in this article. You should also practice regularly and learn from your own and others' experiences. To download a PDF file of the carrom board rules in India, you can click on this link: [Carrom Board Rules India PDF 31](http://www.indiancarrom.co.in/laws-of-carrom/). We hope you found this article helpful and informative. If you have any feedback or questions, please feel free to leave a comment below. We would love to hear from you. ## FAQs Here are some frequently asked questions about carrom and their answers: - Q: How many players can play carrom? - A: Carrom can be played by two or four players, either individually or in teams. - Q: What is the difference between white and black carrommen? - A: White and black carrommen are the same in size, shape, weight and value. The only difference is their color, which indicates which player or team they belong to. - Q: What is the difference between carrom and billiards? - A: Carrom and billiards are both cue sports that involve hitting balls or discs on a table with pockets. However, carrom is played with wooden discs called carrommen and a striker, while billiards is played with balls and a cue stick. Carrom also has different rules, equipment and techniques than billiards. - Q: How can I make my own carrom board at home? - A: You can make your own carrom board at home by using a plywood sheet of appropriate size and thickness, wooden frames, nails, glue, paint, etc. You can also use a ruler, compass, pencil, etc., to mark the playing surface and the pockets. However, making your own carrom board may not be easy or accurate, so it is better to buy a ready-made one from a store or online. - Q: Where can I buy a good quality carrom board? - A: You can buy a good quality carrom board from any sports or toy store that sells carrom equipment. You can also buy it online from various websites that offer different brands, models and prices of carrom boards. You should look for a carrom board that meets the standard specifications of the International Carrom Federation (ICF) and suits your budget and preference.
carrom board rules india pdf 31