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What is a penalty shootout? FIFA's latest penalty shootout rules in 2024

In football, almost everyone knows about penalty shootouts, but not everyone understands the rules of penalty shootouts properly. To understand more about penalty shootout rules, follow the article below to learn what penalty shootouts are and how to execute them correctly without violating the rules. Don't forget to check out the win betting tips section for valuable tips on improving your penalty shootout skills!


What is a penalty shootout?

A penalty shootout, also known as a penalty kick shootout, is a method used to determine the winning team in a match if the score is tied at the end of regular playing time and extra time. In this shootout, each team takes turns to attempt penalty kicks, and only the opposing goalkeeper is allowed to attempt to block the shots. The shootout concludes when a winning team is determined, typically when there is a clear difference in score that cannot be equalized.

The penalty shootout is one of the three methods used to decide the outcome of a football match. It is often employed when other methods such as extra time and away goals rule fail to determine a best home teams to win today.

The latest penalty shootout rules of FIFA

o understand the rules of a penalty shootout, we can refer to FIFA's regulations outlined in the following rules:

  • The referee tosses a coin to determine which team will take the first penalty kicks. This decision can only be altered by the referee for safety reasons if the goalposts or playing surface are unusable.

  • The referee tosses the coin again to decide which team will take the first penalty kick.

  • All players except for the one taking the penalty kick and the goalkeepers must remain within the center circle of the field.

  • Each penalty kick is taken in the same manner as a penalty kick during regular play. The kick is taken from the penalty mark, which is 11 meters (12 yards) from the goal line and equidistant from the two touchlines, and can only be blocked by the opposing goalkeeper. The goalkeeper must stand between the goalposts and on the goal line until the ball is kicked; during this time, the goalkeeper is allowed to jump on the spot, move their arms, shift sideways along the goal line, or attempt to distract the shooter.

  • Each team is responsible for determining the order in which their eligible players will take the penalty kicks.

  • Each player may only take one penalty kick. Once the kick has been taken, the shooter may not touch the ball again. Only the referee has the authority to order a retake.

  • Any remaining players from both teams, aside from the designated kickers and goalkeepers, are not allowed to touch the ball.


A penalty kick is considered successful if, after being kicked once by the shooter, the ball crosses the goal line between the goalposts and under the crossbar without touching any player, referee, or person other than the opposing goalkeeper. The ball can rebound off the goalkeeper, goalposts, or crossbar any number of times before entering the net as long as the referee determines the motion of the ball is a result of the original kick.

Teams take turns in taking penalty kicks until each team has taken five kicks. However, if one team has scored more goals than the other could possibly score in the remaining kicks, the shootout ends immediately regardless of the number of remaining kicks.

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If after five kicks each, both teams have scored the same number of goals, the shootout continues in a sudden death format, with each team taking one kick at a time until one team scores and the other misses. This is referred to as a golden goal.

The team that successfully scores more kicks at the end of the shootout is declared the winner of the match. Read more: Here are the top five betting tips telegram that you should consider joining

Only players on the field at the end of the match or temporarily off the field (due to injury, equipment adjustment, etc.) are eligible to participate in the penalty shootout. If at the end of the match or before/during the shootout one team has more players on the field, even if due to injuries or red cards, that team must reduce the number of players on the field to match the opposing team.

A team may replace an injured goalkeeper during the shootout with a substitute player (provided the team has not already used up the maximum allowed substitutions as predetermined by the organizing authority) or with a player who had not previously participated in the shootout in order to balance the number of players.

If a goalkeeper is sent off during the shootout, another player who was on the field at the end of the match must replace them as the goalkeeper.

If an outfield player is injured or sent off during the shootout, the shootout will continue without allowing a substitution. Your team must reduce its number of players accordingly to match the opposing team's number of players who have left the field.

Any player still on the field may act as the goalkeeper, and they do not need to be a player who previously played in the goalkeeper position during the match.

No player is allowed to take a second kick until all remaining players on the team have taken their first kick, including the goalkeeper.

If players have to take additional kicks (when the shootout score is still tied after all players have taken their first kicks), they are not required to take them in the same order as before.

Penalty shootout kicks should not be delayed if a player leaves the field. The player's kick will be canceled (considered unsuccessful) if they do not return to the field in time to take it.

The referee is not allowed to abandon the match if one team is reduced to fewer than seven players during the penalty shootout. Above are the basic information about penalty shootouts as well as the most fundamental rules of penalty kicks. Players can understand what penalty shootouts are through FIFA's regulations to learn more about other minor provisions. See more: Here are the top ten best football predictions app worldwide for the year 2024:


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