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Wesley Harris
Wesley Harris

The Role of Armenians in Georgia's Economy and Society

Armenian Georgian: A Cultural and Historical Overview


Armenia and Georgia are two neighboring countries in the South Caucasus region, with a long and rich history of interaction and exchange. The term Armenian Georgian refers to the cultural and historical aspects of the relations between these two nations, as well as the people who identify with both or either of them. In this article, we will explore the origins, development, and current state of Armenian Georgian, as well as some of the similarities and differences between the two countries.

armenian georgian

What is Armenian Georgian?

Armenian Georgian is not a single entity, but rather a complex and dynamic phenomenon that encompasses various dimensions. It can be understood as:

  • A geographical term that describes the areas where Armenians and Georgians live or have lived in close proximity, such as Tbilisi, Javakheti, Abkhazia, Lori, etc.

  • A historical term that reflects the shared heritage and common experiences of Armenians and Georgians throughout the centuries, such as the struggle against foreign invaders, the cooperation in trade and culture, the influence of Christianity, etc.

  • A cultural term that denotes the mutual influences and exchanges between Armenian and Georgian art, literature, music, cuisine, etc., as well as the unique features and diversity of each nation.

  • A social term that signifies the relations and interactions between Armenian and Georgian communities and individuals, both within and outside their respective countries, as well as the challenges and opportunities they face.

  • A personal term that expresses the identity and belonging of people who have Armenian and Georgian roots or affiliations, or who feel connected to both or either of them.

Why is it important to learn about Armenian Georgian?

Learning about Armenian Georgian is important for several reasons. First, it can help us gain a deeper understanding of the history and culture of the South Caucasus region, which is often overlooked or misunderstood by outsiders. Second, it can help us appreciate the diversity and richness of both Armenian and Georgian civilizations, which have contributed to the world heritage in various fields. Third, it can help us foster a dialogue and cooperation between Armenians and Georgians, who have many things in common but also face some challenges in their relations. Fourth, it can help us discover our own connections and affinities with Armenian Georgian, whether through ancestry, travel, education, or interest.

History of Armenia and Georgia

Ancient and medieval times

The history of Armenia and Georgia dates back to ancient times, when both countries were part of the wider region known as Transcaucasia or Anatolia. The earliest evidence of human presence in Armenia goes back to 1.8 million years ago, while in Georgia it goes back to 1.7 million years ago. Both countries were inhabited by various tribes and peoples who developed their own cultures and languages. The Armenians are considered to be one of the oldest Indo-European peoples, while the Georgians are considered to be one of the oldest Kartvelian peoples.

The first recorded states in Armenia and Georgia were the kingdoms of Urartu (9th-6th centuries BC) and Colchis (8th-6th centuries BC), respectively. Both kingdoms were influenced by neighboring civilizations such as Assyria, Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome, etc. Both kingdoms also had contacts with each other through trade routes across the Caucasus mountains. The most famous legend that links Armenia and Georgia is that of Jason and the Argonauts, who sailed to Colchis in search of the Golden Fleece.

Armenia and Georgia became Christianized in the early 4th century AD, becoming among the first nations to adopt Christianity as their official religion. Armenia was converted by St. Gregory the Illuminator (c. 257-331 Religion and traditions

Both Armenia and Georgia are predominantly Christian countries, but they belong to different branches of Christianity. Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion in 301 AD, and its church belongs to the Oriental Orthodox family. Georgia followed suit in 326 AD, and its church belongs to the Eastern Orthodox family. Both churches have their own patriarchs and hierarchies, and they differ in some doctrinal and liturgical matters. However, they also share many common beliefs and practices, such as the veneration of saints, the celebration of Easter and Christmas, the use of icons and crosses, etc.

Armenia and Georgia have also preserved some of their pre-Christian traditions and customs, which are often mixed with Christian elements. For example, both countries celebrate the ancient festival of Vardavar or Tbilisoba, which involves splashing water on each other as a symbol of purification and fertility. Both countries also have their own versions of fire-jumping rituals, which are performed on the eve of certain holidays or occasions. These rituals are believed to ward off evil spirits and bring good luck.

Cuisine and drinks

Armenian and Georgian cuisines are both rich and diverse, reflecting the geographical and cultural influences of their regions. They share some common ingredients, such as meat, cheese, bread, vegetables, fruits, nuts, herbs, and spices. However, they also have their own distinctive dishes and flavors, which are worth trying.

Some of the most popular Armenian dishes are:

  • Khorovats: grilled meat (usually lamb or pork) marinated with onion, garlic, salt, pepper, and herbs. It is often served with lavash (thin flatbread) and fresh vegetables.

  • Dolma: minced meat (usually beef or lamb) mixed with rice, herbs, and spices, wrapped in grape leaves or cabbage leaves. It is cooked in a pot with tomato sauce or yogurt sauce.

  • Ghapama: a whole pumpkin stuffed with rice, dried fruits, nuts, honey, butter, and cinnamon. It is baked in the oven and served as a festive dish.

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  • Khachapuri: cheese-filled bread that comes in various shapes and sizes. The most famous variety is adjaruli khachapuri, which is boat-shaped and topped with an egg and butter.

  • Khinkali: dumplings filled with minced meat (usually beef or lamb), onion, herbs, and spices. They are boiled in water and eaten by hand, squeezing out the juice before biting.

  • Mtsvadi: skewered meat (usually pork or veal) marinated with onion, garlic, salt, pepper, and pomegranate juice. It is grilled over charcoal and served with tkemali (sour plum sauce).

Both Armenia and Georgia are also famous for their alcoholic drinks, especially wine and brandy. Armenia is one of the oldest wine-producing countries in the world, dating back to 6000 BC. Its most renowned wines are made from indigenous grape varieties such as Areni, Voskehat, Kangun, etc. Armenia is also known for its cognac (brandy), which has been produced since 1887 and has won many international awards. Georgia is also one of the oldest wine-producing countries in the world, dating back to 8000 BC. Its most distinctive wines are made using the traditional method of fermenting grapes in clay vessels called qvevri. Some of the famous Georgian wines are Saperavi (red), Rkatsiteli (white), Khvanchkara (semi-sweet red), etc. Georgia also produces chacha (grape vodka), which is often homemade and very strong.


Summary of main points

In conclusion, Armenian Georgian is a fascinating topic that covers various aspects of the relations between two neighboring countries in the South Caucasus region. We have learned that:

Armenian Georgian is a geographical, historical, cultural, social, and personal term that describes the areas, heritage, influences, Recommendations for further reading

If you are interested in learning more about Armenian Georgian, here are some books and websites that you can check out:

  • The Armenians: Past and Present in the Making of National Identity by Edmund Herzig and Marina Kurkchiyan. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the history, culture, politics, and diaspora of the Armenian people, with a special focus on their relations with their neighbors, including Georgia.

  • The Making of the Georgian Nation by Ronald Grigor Suny. This book traces the evolution of Georgia from a medieval kingdom to a modern nation-state, exploring its historical, cultural, religious, and political aspects, as well as its interactions with other peoples and powers, such as Armenia.

  • Armenian-Georgian Relations: A Historical and Cultural Perspective by Levon Chorbajian. This website offers a series of articles and essays that examine various topics related to Armenian Georgian, such as the origins, development, challenges, and prospects of the relations between the two countries and peoples.


Here are some frequently asked questions about Armenian Georgian:

  • What is the difference between Armenia and Georgia?

Armenia and Georgia are two sovereign states in the South Caucasus region, with different political systems, economies, demographics, and foreign policies. Armenia is a unitary parliamentary republic with a population of about 3 million people, mostly ethnic Armenians. Georgia is a unitary semi-presidential republic with a population of about 4 million people, mostly ethnic Georgians. Both countries are members of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, and other international organizations.

  • What is the difference between Armenian and Georgian?

Armenian and Georgian are two distinct languages that belong to different language families. Armenian is an Indo-European language that has its own unique alphabet and grammar. Georgian is a Kartvelian language that has its own unique alphabet and grammar. Both languages have borrowed words from other languages, such as Persian, Turkish, Russian, etc. Both languages are spoken by millions of people in their respective countries and abroad.

  • Are Armenians and Georgians related?

Armenians and Georgians are not genetically related, but they have some cultural and historical ties that date back to ancient times. Both peoples have lived in close proximity for centuries, sharing some common experiences and influences. Both peoples have also intermarried and intermingled with each other, creating mixed communities and individuals. However, both peoples also have their own distinct identities and characteristics that set them apart from each other.

  • Are Armenians and Georgians friends or enemies?

Armenians and Georgians are neither friends nor enemies, but rather neighbors who have complex and dynamic relations. On one hand, they have many things in common, such as their Christian faith, their Caucasian heritage, their cultural achievements, etc. On the other hand, they also have some differences and disputes, such as their political orientations, their territorial claims, their ethnic conflicts, etc. The relations between Armenia and Georgia have fluctuated over time, depending on the historical circumstances and the regional context. Currently, both countries maintain diplomatic ties and cooperate in some areas, but they also face some challenges and tensions in others.

  • How can I learn more about Armenian Georgian?

You can learn more about Armenian Georgian by reading books and articles, watching videos and podcasts, visiting museums and exhibitions, traveling to Armenia and Georgia, meeting and talking to Armenian and Georgian people, etc. There are many resources and opportunities available for anyone who wants to learn more about Armenian Georgian.

I hope you enjoyed reading this article and learned something new about Armenian Georgian. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to share them below. Thank you for your attention and interest.


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